Walks on the Howgill Fells

Walks on the Howgill Fells was published in May 1972 with a dedication:

To BELL AND MARGARET PRATT – natives of these parts who provided much helpful information

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Wainwright initiated his fieldwork for Walks on the Howgill Fells shortly before the publication of Walks in Limestone Country in April 1970. During this period, he was recuperating from mild bronchial pneumonia, prompting him to concentrate on exploring Whinfell Ridge, situated closer to his home. It took several weeks before he extended his explorations beyond the M6, which was nearing completion then. The Howgills remained relatively pristine until the Lancaster to Penrith motorway section officially opened on 23 October 1970. Wainwright later characterised the motorway as “A giant stepping stone between the Lake District and the Yorkshire Dales.”

This marked a bustling phase in Wainwright’s life. Fresh from his honeymoon with Betty in York, he utilised the time to thoroughly investigate North Yorkshire as part of his plan to create a personalised long-distance walk.

Bell and Margaret Pratt played a pivotal role in assisting Wainwright during his research for the book. Born in 1910 in Grisedale, west of Sedbergh, Bell married Margaret in 1930, and their union resulted in five children. Throughout most of his life, Bell dedicated himself to farming and served as a Methodist lay preacher for an impressive 70 years. Eventually settling in Kendal during his later years, Bell achieved a remarkable feat by publishing his autobiography, Memoirs at 100 Years of Age: Bell Pratt of Grisdale, in 2010 when he turned 100.

Throughout the Westmorland Gazette era, Walks in Limestone Country outsold Walks on the Howgill Fells by a factor of two. This discrepancy was quite understandable given the widespread popularity of the Yorkshire Dales, a renowned National Park, in contrast to the Howgills, which occupied a smaller area and were near the well-frequented Lake District. Wainwright consistently emphasised that the Howgills were the least recognised hills among those he had written about.

Cumbria magazine June 1972

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First Edition is identified by:

  1. Blue case with gold blocking
  2. £1.05 price on the dust jacket
  3. No impression number
Walks on the Howgill Fells
This page alone does not identify a First Edition

Walks on the Howgill Fells broke from tradition as the first guide published without the customary rounded corners. This decision was prompted by the gradual escalation of production costs, effectively preserving the price point for an additional year. In 1973, with the release of the sixth impression, the guide experienced its first price adjustment, reaching £1.40. Concurrently, the iconic blue case colour transitioned to a darker yellow, a uniform change adopted across all guides for a period.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
Walks on the Howgill Fells – First Edition with a blue case and gold blocking

Upon assuming custodianship of the surviving Wainwright book printing materials in 2019, I was struck by the extensive preservation efforts at Titus Wilson. However, it was disheartening to discover the loss of certain items related to Walks on the Howgill Fells, including dust jacket negatives, various printed sheets, and Gazette documentation. Despite these setbacks, most original printing materials for this particular title were fortuitously preserved.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
A sample of the original Walks on the Howgill Fells printing negatives
Walks on the Howgill Fells
Negatives of the photos featured in the guide

During the early 1980s, a significant advancement occurred in producing higher-quality scans derived from Wainwright’s original Howgill photos. This marked a substantial improvement over the darker images found in earlier impressions. The process also involved the creation of new artwork, from which negatives were subsequently produced, contributing to an overall enhancement in the visual quality.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
Updated photo artwork… 
Walks on the Howgill Fells
for Walks on the Howgill Fells
Walks on the Howgill Fells
Original printed sheet for Walks on the Howgill Fells
Walks on the Howgill Fells
Image artwork and the printed sheets for Walks on the Howgill Fells
Walks on the Howgill Fells
Walks on the Howgill Fells prices between 1972 and 1981

To minimise waste, existing dust jackets with previous prices were affixed with stickers displaying the updated prices. This practice was adopted to avoid discarding thousands of dust jackets, a previous scenario that had proven costly for the Gazette, necessitating a considerable expense in replacements.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
A £2.25 dust jacket with a £2.70 price sticker
Walks on the Howgill Fells
All dust jackets printed from the mid-1980s were laminated
A master binding copy from the 1970s (to ensure the sections were collated correctly)
Walks on the Howgill Fells
The first five impressions of Walks on the Howgill Fells retained the original blue case


During the 1970s, the Gazette, facing shortages in cases for the Pictorial Guides, resorted to utilising alternative materials and colours. An unexpected deviation was using a red case, typically associated with Walks in Limestone Country. However, by the decade’s end, a uniform transition to green cases was implemented across all guides.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
Case examples from the 1970s
Walks on the Howgill Fells, signed in 1987

By the close of 1980, the gold blocking was removed from the front of Walks on the Howgill Fells. Subsequent measures included the removal of printed prices from dust jackets in 1982 and a gradual phase-out of impression numbers by 1985. These adjustments were made to control printing costs, shielding consumers from frequent price increases. The Gazette was steadfast in its mission to ensure the affordability of these guides, particularly for the working-class demographic.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
Case examples from the 1980s

In 1986, the printing operations for the Gazette newspaper shifted to Telegraph & Argus in Bradford. Subsequently, the following year, the book printing operations were relocated to Titus Wilson, who, interestingly, would also move into the Gazette’s premises.

Andrew Nichol, the General Printing and Book Publishing Manager, originally scheduled to retire in May 1997, concluded his tenure five years earlier, in May 1992. The need for a new publisher arose with the difficulties of replacing Andrew’s pivotal role. Before his retirement, Andrew facilitated the smooth transition by transferring the publishing rights to Michael Joseph. Despite this change, Titus Wilson remained the printer, and the new Wainwright books launched in April 1992.

Michael Joseph executed a comprehensive redesign of the dust jacket, incorporating a fresh drawing and coloured bands on the cover to align with the aesthetics of the rest of the series. The revamped books were introduced to the market with a retail price of £8.99.

Michael Joseph’s dust jacket artwork from 1992
Walks on the Howgill Fells Prelims were produced for Michael Joseph by Chris Jesty
Michael Joseph’s dust jacket positive from 1992 (also used for Frances Lincoln in 2003)
Walks on the Howgill Fells
Michael Joseph redesigned the dust jacket for the 1992 launch

Following the launch in 1992, Michael Joseph relocated the printing operations to Bungay in Suffolk, a shift that endured for a decade. This development proved to be disheartening news for Titus Wilson and Kendal. Regrettably, further unfavourable developments loomed on the horizon for the guides.

In 2001, foot and mouth disease swept across Britain, with Cumbria, particularly the Lake District, being the hardest-hit region. The public closure of the Lake District was enforced to contain the spread of the disease, significantly impacting guidebook sales for Michael Joseph, a setback from which they never fully rebounded. In response to these uncertain times, the copyright for the guides was transferred to Betty Wainwright in 2001. Subsequently, in January 2003, Michael Joseph ceased the publication of the guides.

Michael Joseph’s final Titus Wilson order

Fortunately, Frances Lincoln, a publisher based in London, successfully secured the bid to republish the guides. In a matter of weeks, the books were back in Kendal, where their origins lay. Titus Wilson entered into a new printing contract, paving the way for the re-launch in April 2003. Additional staff was hired to accommodate the increased printing demand, and a new warehouse was constructed. This initiative not only revitalised the Wainwright guides but also provided a substantial boost to the local economy.

Walks on the Howgill Fells was priced at £10.99 upon its re-release. Frances Lincoln opted to utilise Michael Joseph’s designs, limiting alterations to replacing prelims at the front of the guides.

Walks on the Howgill Fells
Two impressions of Walks on the Howgill Fells by Frances Lincoln, 2003

For the 50th Anniversary Editions, James Cropper of Burneside crafted a distinctive ‘cream wove’ paper. Utilising the remaining stock, Titus Wilson employed this special paper for the final prints of Walks in Limestone Country, Walks on the Howgill Fells, and A Coast to Coast Walk.

The final Titus Wilson prints utilised Cropper’s special ‘cream wove’ paper
Frances Lincoln’s final Titus Wilson order

Despite returning to Kendal for only three years, the guides faced another relocation in 2006. Titus Wilson made multiple adjustments to lower printing costs, striving to retain the books in Kendal. However, their efforts proved unsuccessful. Walks on the Howgill Fells was eventually reprinted in China and sold at a retail price of £12.99. In 2011, Frances Lincoln changed ownership, being acquired by the American publisher Quarto.

In 2003, John Nicholl, the Managing Director of Frances Lincoln, approached Chris Jesty to revise the guides. This opportunity was a dream realised for Chris, who had expressed his willingness to revise Wainwright’s guides in a letter to him in 1979. However, Wainwright had declined alterations during his lifetime. After Wainwright’s passing, Chris approached Michael Joseph, but they showed reluctance to revise the guides, making only a few amendments. This outcome left Chris deeply disappointed.

The comprehensive revisions for Frances Lincoln occupied Chris for a decade, with Walks on the Howgill Fells finalised in late 2013 and published the following year. Similar to Walks in Limestone Country, it sported a flexibound cover. In 2022, the Wainwright Society took on the republishing of this title.

Walks on the Howgill Fells

From left to right:
Walks on the Howgill Fells (SE), F. Lincoln 2014
Walks on the Howgill Fells (SE), W. Society 2022

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In August 2016, the boundaries of the Lake District and the Yorkshire Dales National Parks were expanded, incorporating Whinfell Ridge into the Lake District National Park for the first time. In the autumn of 1990, Wainwright revisited the vicinity of the ridge for a photo session with the acclaimed photographer Derry Brabbs. The location was a mere 3.5 miles from Animal Rescue Cumbria in Grayrigg. Wainwright’s wife, Betty, and friend Sheila Richardson accompanied them during the shoot.

Derry and Wainwright – Two masters of their craft
Wainwright and Betty joking between shots
Derry lines up the final shot
Derry’s resulting photo
Wainwright Near the Whinfell Ridge 3
Sheila’s close-up of the renowned fellwanderer

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Photos courtesy of Sheila Richardson and Derry Brabbs.

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